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Common Names: Spotted Bee Balm, Horsemint

Scientific Name: Monarda punctata


Plant Characteristics

  • Duration: Perennial
  • Size: Typically grows to a height of 2-3 ft., with distinctive clusters of showy bracts.
  • Foliage: The leaves are lance-shaped and often have a minty fragrance when crushed.
  • Bloom Color: Tubular flowers with lavender to pinkish-purple petals and distinctive spotted bracts.
  • Bloom Time: Summer


Growing Conditions

  • Water Use: Low to Moderate
  • Light Requirement: Full Sun to Partial Shade
  • Soil Moisture: Well-Drained


Ecological Benefits

Spotted Bee Balm (Monarda punctata) is a native perennial plant that provides ecological benefits in Maryland's landscapes. Its tubular flowers with distinctive spotted bracts attract pollinators such as bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds, contributing to local biodiversity.


This plant's adaptability to full sun to partial shade conditions makes it a versatile choice for gardens and natural areas. By offering essential nectar resources and its delightful minty fragrance, Spotted Bee Balm supports the health and balance of local ecosystems in Maryland, making it a valuable addition to pollinator-friendly gardens and landscapes. Additionally, its unique appearance adds aesthetic value to gardens and natural areas.

Spotted Bee Balm

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